1. Relevant Legislations in Hong Kong

  2. Relevant Legislations in Mainland China

  3. International covenants, principles and documents

  4. Government documents

  5. Other relevant researches

  6. Submissions from NGOs


1. Relevant Legislation in Hong Kong

Official Secrets Ordinance (Chapter 521)

Official Secrets Bill papers

Resumption of Second Reading Debate on Official Secrets Bill (Page 88)

Crimes Ordinance (Chapter 200)(Sections 2-14)

Crimes (Amendment)(No. 2) Bill 1996 papers

Resumption of Second Reading Debate on Crimes (Amendment)(No.2) Bill 1996 (Page 263)

Background brief titled "Proposals to implement Article 23 of the Basic Law" prepared by the Legislative Council Secretariat (Sept 2002)

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2. Relevant Legislation in Mainland China

Public Pledge on Self-Discipline for China Internet Industry (2002)

State Secrecy Protection Regulation for Computer Information Systems on the Internet (2000) (Unofficial translation)

Criminal Law of The People's Republic of China (1997 amended version)(Unofficial translation)(Articles 102-113)

Computer Information Network and Internet Security, Protection and Management Regulations (1997)(Unofficial translation)

Rules For Implementation of the State Security Law of The People's Republic of China (1994)

Constitution of the People's Republic of China (1993 amended version)(Articles 51-55)

State Security Law of the People's Republic of China (1993)

The Law of the PRC on the Protection of State Secrets (1989) (Chinese version only)

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3. International covenants, principles and documents

Article 19: National Security and Legal Protection of Media Freedom (Dec 1996)

The Johannesburg Principles on National Security, Freedom of Expression and Access to Information (Nov 1996)

The Siracusa Principles on the Limitation and Derogation Provisions in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1995)

Article 19: Freedom of Expression Manual - Assessing the Legitimacy of Restrictions and Restrictions Based on Threats to National Security or Public Order (1993)

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966)

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966)

European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Sept 1953)

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4. Government documents

Consultation Document on Proposals to Implement Article 23 of the Basic Law (Security Bureau)

Proposals to implement Article 23 of the Basic Law - Comparison of Offences and Penalties (Security Bureau)

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5. Other relevant researches

The Article 23 Concern Group: Article 23 Legislation "What You Must Know" Pamphlets (Link to Legislative Councillor Margaret Ng's website)

Brief Background to the Johannesburg Principles written by Dr Frances D'Souza, Executive Director of ARTICLE 19, 1989-1998 and Convener of the Johannesburg Principles Consultation in 1995

Amnesty International: Rights at risk- Amnesty International's concerns regarding security legislation and law enforcement measures

Amnesty International: UN Commission on Human Rights: No dichotomy between human rights and security

Amnesty International: Anti-terrorism laws

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6. Submissions from NGOs

Amnesty International Hong Kong urges the Government of HKSAR to ensure a full and proper public consultation for the implementation of Basic Law Article 23 (link to AI website) (Jul 2003)

Article 23 Concern Group: Article 23 legislation V what needs to be done (Jul 2003)

Summary Report on National Security Conference at HKU on 14-15 June 2003 (Link to HK Bar Website) (Jul 2003)

Asian Human Rights Commission: HKSAR Administration should respond Now and Scrap Article 23 Legislation (Jul 2003)

Third submission from Mr Winston Poon, QC on the CSA proposed by the Administration(Jun 2003)

China Business Council International Chamber of Commerce Hong Kong: Comments on National Security (Legislative Provisions) Bill (Jun 2003)

Joint Statement of International and Regional NGOs in Hong Kong on the National Security (Legislative Provisions) Bill (Jun 2003)

Further submission from Mr Winston Poon, QC on the CSA proposed by the Administration(Jun 2003)

Supplementary submission by Legal Aid Services Council on the CSAs (Jun 2003)

Letter from American Chamber of Commerce to Legislators on Article 23 Bill (Jun 2003)

Paper by Article 23 Concern Group on Special Procedures for Appeal Against Proscription and Arrangements For Disposal of Assets of Proscribed Organization (Jun 2003)

Article 23 conference papers co-sponsored by the Hong Kong Bar, the Faculty of Law and the Centre for Comparative and Public Law at HKU, and the School of Law, City U (Link to the HKU website)(Jun 2003)

Submission of the International Publishers' Association (Jun 2003)

Submission of the Hong Kong Bar Association (Link to the Hong Kong Bar Association website)(Jun 2003)

Submission of Winston Poon, SC (Jun 2003)

Submission of the Article 23 Concern Group (Jun 2003)

Group Submission on the National Security (Legislative Provisions) Bill (Link to the Centre for Comparative and Public Law website)(Jun 2003)

The Law Society's Comments on the Proposed Committee Stage Amendments to the Article 23 Blue Bill (Link to Law Society website)(Jun 2003)

Professor Albert Chen: Comments on Article 23 (Jun 2003)

A Comment on the National Security (Legislative Provisions) Bill 2003 by Professor Johannes Chan (Jun 2003)

Submission from Legal Aid Services Council on the Bill (Jun 2003)

Freedom House: Article 23 still threatens Hong Kong civil liberties (Jun 2003)

Hong Kong Christian Institute: Submission to Bills Committee (May 2003)

Asian Human Rights Commission: Submission to Bills Committee (May 2003)

China Labour Bulletin: Submission to Bills Committee(May 2003)(Link to CLB website)

Hong Kong News Executives' Association: Submission to Bills Committee (Chinese only) (May 2003)

The Frontier: Submission to Bills Committee (May 2003) (Chinese only)

Justice and Peace Commission of the Hong Kong Catholic Diocese: Submission to Bills Commission (Chinese only) (May 2003)

Democratic Party: Submission to Bills Committee (Chinese only) (May 2003)

Law Society of Hong Kong: Summary response to the Article 23 Blue Bill (May 2003)

New York Bar Association: Legal Analysis of Certain Provisions of the National Security (Legislative Provision) Bill (Apr 2003)

Hong Kong Christian Institute: Submission to Bills Committee (April 2003)

Hong Kong Bar Association's Views on the National Security (Legislative Provisions) Bill (Link to Bar Association website) (April 2003)

Hong Kong Bar Association's Views on the National Security (Legislative Provisions) Bill (Executive Summary) (Link to Bar Association website) (April 2003)

Hong Kong Journalists Association: Submission on the National Security (Legislative Provisions) Bill (April 2003)

Hong Kong Human Rights Monitor assessment on Article 23 Bill (Mar 2003)

The Liberal Party: Response to the Consultation Paper regarding Implementation of Article 23 of the Basic Law (Chinese Only) (Jan 2003) (Link to Liberal Party website)

Freedom House: Sliding Back - An Analysis of Hong Kong's Proposed National Security Legislation (Dec 2002)

The Democratic Party: Response to the Consultation Paper regarding Implementation of Article 23 of the Basic Law (Chinese Only) (Dec 2002)

The Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong: Submission to the Consultation Paper regarding Implementation of Article 23 of the Basic Law (Chinese Only) (Dec 2002) (Link to DAB website)

Hong Kong Law Society: Comments on the Consultation Document on Proposed Legislation under Article 23 of the Basic Law (Dec 2002)

Submission of the Centre for Comparative and Public Law, HKU on The Proposals to Implement Article 23 of the Basic Law (Dec 2002)

China Labour Bulletin's response to the Consultation Document on the Proposals to Implement Article 23 of the Basic Law (Chinese version only) (Dec 2002)

The Frontier's response to the Consultation Document on the Proposals to Implement Article 23 of the Basic Law (Chinese version only) (Dec 2002)

Human Rights Expert D'Souza's submission to Security Bureau

Reporters Without Border: European Union asked to oppose "dangerous" national security law (Dec 2002)

Submission of The University Librarians of the Eight Universities of Hong Kong  (Dec 2002)

Hong Kong Bar Association's response to the Consultation Document on the Proposals to Implement Article 23 of the Basic Law (Dec 2002)(link to Bar's webpage)

Summary of Bar's Recommendations (Dec 2002)(link to Bar's webpage)

Hong Kong (English-speaking) P.E.N. response to Hong Kong's Consultation Document

The Committee to Protect Journalists: Proposed Anti-subversion Legislation Threatens Freedom of Expression in Hong Kong (Dec 2002)

Hong Kong Christian Institute: Response to Hong Kong SAR Government Consultation Document on proposals to implement Article 23 of the Basic Law (Oct 2002)

Hong Kong Human Rights Commission: Response to Hong Kong SAR Government Consultation Document on proposals to implement Article 23 of the Basic Law (Chinese version only) (Dec 2002)

Amnesty International: Response to Hong Kong SAR Government Consultation Document on proposals to implement Article 23 of the Basic Law (Dec 2002)

Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions: Statement on Objections to the Consultation Document 'Proposals to Implement Article 23 of the Basic Law'

Foreign Correspondents' Club: Formal response to the government's request for consultation on Article 23

Education International: Open letter to Mr. Tung Chee-hwa

World Press Freedom Committee's Letter to Secretary for Security (Nov 2002)

The Democratic Party's submission to LegCo (Nov 2002)(Chinese version only)

Charter 2000 - Aliran Letter to the Security Bureau (Nov 2002)

Asian Human Rights Commission: National Security Legislation and its Adverse Consequences (Nov 2002)

Hong Kong Human Rights Monitor's Response to Government Consultation Document (Nov 2002)

Hong Kong Journalists Association's submission to the LegCo (Nov 2002)

The Hong Kong Federation of Students: Position Paper (Oct 2002)(Chinese Only)

Citizens Party: Initial Response to Article 23 legislation: Need for a conceptual and technical reconciliation (Oct 2002)

The Frontier's Preliminary Submission on Article 23 Legislation (Sept 2002)(Chinese version only)

Hong Kong Bar Association: "Legislation under Article 23 of the Basic Law" (July 2002)

Hong Kong Human Rights Monitor: "A Ticking Time Bomb? - Article 23, Security Law, and Human Rights in Hong Kong "(August 2001)